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40个英语完形填空中常见的熟词生义,掌握后高考涨10分

时间:2018-10-06 11:02 来源:未知 作者:admin 阅读:
在历年高考中,考生总会遇到这样一种情况:见到一个词非常眼熟,就是不能立马明白它此时此刻的意思。众所周知,初、高中英语教材中的单词清单所给出的只是每个单词最基本和常见的意思,即“熟义”。然而,教材“熟词”在高考文章中却产生了“生义”,这便是人们常说的“熟词生义”现象。高考卷对“熟词生义“的考查总是十分热衷。

熟词衍生新义大致分为两类情况:一是词性不变,二是词性有变。接下来,小维将会列出40个完形填空中常见的熟词生义,并举例说明其生义的用法

1. accommodate

熟义:vi.住宿,留宿

生义:vt. 容纳; v. 准予,提供

This hotel can accommodate more than 500 guests. (容纳)

He accommodated me when I asked him for help. (准予,提供)

2. admit

熟义:vt.承认

生义:vi/vt容纳

The theatre only admits 1,000 persons.

替代词有(seat; hold) 容纳

3. badly

熟义:adv.坏

生义:adv. 迫切

They wanted to win badly. (迫切地)

4. bear

熟义:vt. 忍受,容忍

生义:v. 显示,带有

He was badly wounded in the war and still bears the scars. (带有)

5. blank

熟义:adj.空白的 n. 空白

生义:adj.没表情的;空虚的;茫然的;没兴趣的

The professor could tell by the blank look in Mary's eyes.(茫然的)

6. blue

熟义:adj.& n. 蓝色

生义:adj.忧伤的

His songs always make me feel blue. (忧伤的)

7. case

熟义:n. 情况,状况

生义n. 病例,案例

He appealed the case five times, always losing. (案件)

8. cause

熟义:vt.促使,引起

生义:n.原因,起因;事业,目标

Even with a staff of 22 volunteers, Thomas often devotes up to 50 hours a week to his cause . (事业)

9. chance

熟义:n.机会

生义:n可能性; v.碰巧

There is a chance that I will see him.(可能性)

We chanced to be out when she called.(碰巧)

10. check

熟义:vt. 检查

生义:vt. 阻止,制止

We should check the spread of the disease. (阻止,制止)

11. count

熟义:n. & v. 计算,数

生义:vi.有价值,重要

It is not how much you read but what you read that counts. (重要)

12. cover

熟义:vi. 覆盖;vt.走完(一段路);涉及;报导,掩护

生义:v. 够付(费用)

Here is £5;that should cover all your expenses.(够付费用)

13. desert

熟义:n. 沙漠

生义:v.抛弃,离弃;

He deserted his wife and children and went abroad. (抛弃,离弃)

We sheltered from the storm in a deserted hut.

我们在一间空无人住的茅屋里躲暴风雨。

14. domestic

熟义:adj. 国内的;家庭的

生义adj家养的

I wish people would just keep domestic animals such as dogs, cats, rabbits as pets.(家养的)

15. flood

熟义:n.洪水

生义:n.大量的东西;vt.大量而来,充满;涌入

I received a flood of letters this morning. (大量的东西)

Indivual email boxes are sometimes flooded with spam e-mails. (涌入)

16. freeze

熟义:vi.结冰,(使) 冻结

生义:v.惊呆,吓呆;不动

Grandfather froze in fear. Was he going to lose his job?(吓呆)

The cat froze when it saw the bird. (不动)

17. fresh

熟义:adj. 新鲜的

生义:adj. 无经验的

She is quite fresh to office work. (无经验的)

18. green

熟义:adj. 绿色的,青的

生义:n.(pl) 绿色蔬菜; adj. 缺乏经验的

Greens are vital to our health. (绿色蔬菜)

He is a green hand as a dentist, so seldom patients dared be cured by him. (缺乏经验的)

19. ground

熟义:n.地面

生义:n.理由

He has strong grounds for more money.(理由)

20. hit

熟义:v.击中,打击

生义:n.成功;红极一时的人或事

Yao Ming was an instant hit among basketball fans nationwide.

(轰动一时的成功人物)

21. ill

熟义:adj.生病的

生义:adj./adv.坏的/地

It's no good speaking ill of others. (坏地)

She had brought ill luck into her family. (坏的)

22. industry

熟义:n. 工业;产业

生义:n. 努力;勤勉

His success was due to industry. (努力;勤勉)

23. indicate

熟义:v. 表明,显示

生义:v. 暗示;间接提及;示意

I indicated that his help was not welcome. v. (暗示;示意)

24. just

熟义:adv. 正好;恰好

生义:adj.公正的

You are a just person. (公正的)

25. kill

熟义:v.杀死,弄死

生义:v.消磨或打发 (时间)

How does the man kill time? (打发时间)

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