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cause、reason、excuse都表示“原因”,其区别是什么?一篇搞定

时间:2018-10-06 11:02 来源:未知 作者:admin 阅读:

 

 

英语中存在很多意义相近的单词或短语,而它们也给精准用词带来了障碍。我们可以通过辨析来正确理解它们的异同,体会它们之间的细微差别,从而达到能够正确运用的目的。

从今天开始,小编就带大家一起,结合历年高考真题来辨析高考英语中的高频近义词,看看它们有什么不同。

今天我们来学习——三个原因,一个解释:

cause,reason,excuse,explanation

(↑↑↑点击收听音频详解)

cause

牛津词典:

1. [n] the person or thing that makes sth. happen 原因;起因

2. [v] to make sth happen, especially sth bad or unpleasant 使发生;造成;引起;导致

直击高考:

1. What is a major cause of the water shortage according to Mclntyre? (2019浙江卷C篇 29题)

根据Mclntyre的说法,缺水的主要原因是什么?

2. Two of the authors of the review also made a study published in 2014 __66. that / which__ showed a mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all __67. causes__(cause). (2018全国Ⅰ卷语法填空 67题)

2014年,报告中的两位作者也做了一项研究。研究表明,从所有原因中,每天仅仅5-10分钟的跑步可减少诱发心脏病和早逝的风险。

reason

牛津词典:

[n] a cause or an explanation for sth that has happened or that sb has done 原因;理由;解释

直击高考:

1. There are several reasons why school uniforms are good idea. (2019浙江卷语法填空)

校服是个好主意有几个原因。

2. Cities usually have a good reason for being where they are, like a nearby port or river. (2018全国Ⅲ卷B篇)

通常,城市在选址上要有充分的根据。比如说,要靠近港口或者河流。

excuse

牛津词典:

[n] a reason, either true or invented, that you give to explain or defend your behaviour 借口;理由;辩解

直击高考:

Chris and Tim offered us the ___53.answer___ : human beings took it for granted that their ___54. brains___ held all the solutions, but maybe their hearts can be a better ___55. guide___. (2019江苏卷完形填空)

53. A. course B. excuse

C. answer D. reward

Chris和Tim给了我们答案:人类的大脑掌握了所有的解决方案,并且认为这是理所应当的,但是他们的心却是一个更好的指引。

explanation

牛津词典:

[n] a statement, fact, or situation that tells you why sth happened; a reason given for sth 解释;说明;阐述

直击高考:

The disappearance of dinosaurs is not necessarily caused by astronomical incidents. But ____34. alternative___ explanations are hard to find. (2019江苏卷单项选择34题)

A. alternative B. aggressive

C. ambiguous D. apparent

恐龙的消失并不一定是由天文事件所造成的。但要找到其他解释却是很难的。

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