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高级教师整理,高考英语短文改错常考的错误类型,学霸都在看

时间:2018-10-06 11:02 来源:未知 作者:admin 阅读:

谓语动词的错误是历年考试的重点和热点

1、常见动词错误类型

①一般现在时与一般过去时错用;

②and前后动词时态不一致;

③主谓不一致;

④缺少动词,特别是be动词;

⑤第三人称单数形式错用;

⑥主动语态和被动语态错用。

例如:

a.

A number of students is going to learn a foreign language.

(is → are)

b.

He go to school by bike every day.

(go→ goes)

c.

My favourite sport is football. I was a member of our school football team. Now my picture and prize were hanging in the library.

(were → are)

d.

New bicycles must keep inside.

(keep→ be kept)

a句中a number of +复数名词做主语时,其谓语动词用复数形式。

b句中He是第三人称单数,在一般现在时态中谓语动词go应该加es。

c句中属于时态错误。找出此类错误的关键是树立牢固的时态概念,注意短文内容发生或存在的时间,保持时间概念的一致性。

d句中法结构未能正确使用英语中的被动式。学生还会犯一些其它方面的错误,其中之一是常常把英语里没有被动语态的词(组)

如take place、occur、happen、belong to、appear、break out、rise、die等用于被动语态。

2、名词的常见错误

单复数名词错用,可数名词与不可数名词错用。

例如:

…so that I'll get good marks in all my subject.

(subject → subjects)

3、连词错误

连词包括关系代词、副词,并列连词and/or/but等。关于连词,一般考查从句关系:

who/whom/whose/what/which/how/why/when/where/if/whether等。

连词but, and, or和so的用法错误(可以归类为逻辑错误),以及冠词的用法错误等。

例如:

a.

She was smiling but nodding at me.

(but → and)

b.

It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest.

(and → or )

c.

We may be one family and live under a same roof.

(a → the)

4、冠词错误

冠词考查分两个方面,一是冠词的残缺或多余,考生要注意加冠词与不加冠词的区别。

如:in charge of与in the charge of,out of question与out of the question的区别。

二是不定冠词和定冠词之间的相互误用。

英汉名词确有许多共同点,但是也有不少不同点。英语名词有可数与不可数之分,汉语里没有,且一般情况下,名词都可受到数量词的限制。因此,在英语写作中,一旦涉及到advice,news,progress,weather,information等少数常用不可数名词时,学生往往会犯错误。

注意:少数不可数名词在被形容词等修饰后,可用a/an等来修饰。如time(时间),rain(雨)。

所以我们可以说:We had a wonderful time yesterday.

例如:

a.

The driver brought the car to ∧ stop. In this way, he avoided an accident.

(a)

b.

When ∧ sun was setting, he still did not catch any fish.

(the)

5、形容词和副词错误

系动词后用形容词(be/am/is/are/was/were/become/go/感官性动词smell/feel);词性的误用(形容词修饰名词;副词修饰动词、形容词)。

例如:

a.

I'm sure we'll have a wonderfully time together.

(wonderfully → wonderful)

b.

Unfortunate, there are too many people in my family.

(Unfortunate → Unfortunately)

注意:形容词多用来做定、表、补语等,而副词只能在句子中作状语,修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子。a句中的wonderful作定语修饰time,b句的Unfortunately作状语修饰整个句子。

6、代词错误

代词主要有人称代词、物主代词、关系代词、反身代词、疑问代词、指示代词。

要注意代词的主格和宾格

(I/me;he/him;she/her;we/us;they/them)的误用;

反身代代词

(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves)

的误用;

代词的各人称之间和单复数之间的误用,关系代词which,that之间的误用,关系代词that与疑问代词what之间的误用,关系代词which与关系副词when,where以及what与how的误用等。

例如:

a.

We do not like he.

(he → him)

b.

If you like this books, you can take them away.

(this → these)

c.

His book is different from me.

(me → mine)

d.

The population of China is larger than those of Japan.

(those → that)

7、非谓语动词的常见错误

不定式、动名词作主语、宾语时;and连接的不定式或动名词前后不一致(尤其距离较远时);介词后用动名词形式作宾语;某些动词后要求接动名词或不定式。

例如:

a

.…in my spare time, but now I am interesting in football.

(interesting → interested)

b.

Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also …

(play → playing)

c.

My parents love me … and will do all they can ∧ make sure …

(to)

上述b、c两个句子分别是动名词作主语,和不定式作目的状语。一般的,现在分词有主动态和进行时的含义,而过去分词具有被动态和完成时的含义,不定式有将来时态的含义。

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