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高考英语近义词辨析:guide和lead,educate和teach,区别是什么?

时间:2018-11-06 11:02 来源:未知 作者:admin 阅读:

 

英语中存在很多意义相近的单词或短语,而它们也给精准用词带来了障碍。我们可以通过辨析来正确理解它们的异同,体会它们之间的细微差别,从而达到能够正确运用的目的。

从今天开始,小编就带大家一起,结合历年高考真题来辨析高考英语中的高频近义词,看看它们有什么不同。

今天我们来学习——两个“引导”,两个“教育”

guide, lead, educate, teach

(↑↑↑点击收听音频详解)

guide

牛津词典:[v] to show sb the way to a place, often by going with them; to show sb a place that you know well 给某人领路(或导游);指引

直击高考:

Join a guided bike tour and view some of the most popular monuments in Washington, D.C.

(2018全国Ⅰ卷阅读理解A篇)

参加带导游的自行车之旅,观赏华盛顿特区最受欢迎的历史遗迹。

lead

牛津词典:

1. [v] ~ to sthto have sth as a result 导致,造成(后果)

2. [v]to go with or in front of a person or an animal to show the way or to make them go in the right direction 带路;领路;引领

直击高考:

While famous foreign architects are invited to lead the designs of landmark buildings in China such as the new CCTV tower and the National Center for the Performing Arts, many excellent Chinese architects are making great efforts to take the center stage.(2018全国Ⅲ卷阅读理解C篇)

随着外国著名建筑师受邀引领中国地标性建筑的设计,如新的央视大楼和国家大剧院等,许多优秀的中国建筑师正在努力登上这个中心舞台。

educate

牛津词典:[v] to teach sb over a period of time at a school, university, etc. (在学校)教育educate → education

直击高考:

But Sarah, ___64. who___ has taken part in shows along with top models, wants ___65. to prove___ (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty. She is determined to carry on with her ___66. education___ (educate).

(2017全国Ⅲ卷语法填空66题)

但是,与顶级模特一起参加演出的莎拉想要证明她美貌与智慧并存。于是她决心继续接受教育。

teach

牛津词典:

[v] to give lessons to students in a school, college, university, etc.; to help sb learn sth by giving information about it 教(课程);讲授;教授

直击高考:

As recently reported in The Auk: Ornithological Advances, some mother birds may teach their young to sing even before they hatch (孵化).

(2017江苏卷阅读理解B篇)

正如The Auk:Ornithological Advances最近报道的那样,一些母鸟甚至在孵化雏鸟之前就教它们唱歌。

往期回顾

energy,power,force,strength都表示“力量”,到底哪个力量更强

高考英语高频近义词辨析 | 四个“事件”,高中常考点,务必掌握

高考英语高频近义词辨析 | 四个“交易”,高中常考,建议收藏

cause、reason、excuse都表示“原因”,其区别是什么?一篇搞定

干货!damage,destroy,ruin都表示“摧毁”,哪个摧毁的程度更大

高考英语近义词:fit,suit,match都表示“适合”,区别在哪里?

免费领取本期资料电子版(PDF,可打印),请点击右上角关注我们,私信回复:高中英语

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